[ESO] Reported Speech (basics)

Badeente5643Para referirnos a lo que alguien dijo, podemos hacerlo de dos maneras: 1) Direct Speech: es decir, citando literalmente sus palabras (entre comillas) –> Mary said: “I work in this office”. 2) Reported Speech: “contando” lo que dijo, que es más normal –> Mary said (that) she worked in that office. (“That” aparece entre paréntesis porque podemos omitirlo)

Cuando “contamos” lo que alguien dijo, es decir, cuando usamos el Reported Speech, tienen lugar unos cambios lógicos para adaptarnos al tiempo pasado:

Pronombres de sujeto y de objeto:
I –> he/she; we –> they; me –> him/her; us –> them
Posesivos:
my –> his/her; our –> their
•Expresiones de tiempo:
now –> then; today –> that day; tomorrow –> the following/the next day; this year (month, week…) –> that year (month, week…); next year (month, week…) –> the following/the next year (month, week…)
•Demostrativos y expresiones de lugar:
this –> that; these –> those; here –> there
Verbos:

Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech
present simple I like ice cream She said (that) she liked ice cream.
present continuous I am living in London She said (that) she was living in London.
past simple I bought a car She said (that) she had bought a car.
past continuous I was walking along the street She said (that) she had been walking along the street.
present perfect I haven’t seen Julie She said (that) she hadn’t seen Julie.
past perfect* I had taken English lessons before She said (that) she had taken English lessons before.
will I’ll see you later She said (that) she would see me later.
would* I would help, but… She said (that) she would help but…
can I can speak perfect English She said (that) she could speak perfect English.
could* I could swim when I was four She said (that) she could swim when she was four.
shall I shall come later She said (that) she should come later.
should* I should call my mother She said (that) she should call her mother
might* I might be late She said (that) she might be late
must I must study at the weekend She said (that) she had to study at the weekend

(*no cambia)

Es difícil encontrar ejercicios online de este nivel, pero aquí tenéis alguno:
•Changes in pronouns.
•Time expressions.
•Reported statements.

Recordemos que siempre que aparezca a quién se le “cuenta” (objeto indirecto), tendremos que utilizar “told” y no “said”: Mary said (that) she worked in that office <—> Mary told me (that) she worked in that office.
•Say or tell.

[Tenéis muchos más ejercicios y explicaciones gramaticales a nivel más avanzado AQUÍ]

 

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Autor: QK

Yo soy mis circunstancias. www.non-serviam.eu

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